Nuclear Program Histories

NAPF Trainee Silvia De Michelis has prepared these reports of selected countries’ nuclear programs in an effort to increase public understanding of the long history and twisted web that led to nuclear weapons development, or not, as the case may be.

India and Pakistan

The conflict between India and Pakistan has its roots in the partition of the subcontinent in the 1940s. Long version. Short version.


Iran’s nuclear program began over 60 years ago with the help of some unexpected countries. Long version. Short version.


Israel is the only country in the Middle East that possesses nuclear weapons. Long version. Short version.

North Korea

The roots of North Korea’s status as a nuclear-armed country go back many decades. Long version. Short version.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia does not currently possess nuclear weapons, but it may be developing the means to do so. Long version. Short version.