Declaration of the
of the New Agenda Coalition
New York, Septermber 23, 2003
Foreign Ministers of Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, South
Africa, Sweden and Brazil met at the 58th session of the United
Nations General Assembly to review developments on nuclear disarmament
and to renew their commitment to achieve a world free from nuclear
Ministers paid tribute to the memory of Anna Lindh, Foreign Minister
of Sweden, on the occasion of her sad passing away, and deplored
the loss of a devoted colleague who had been a driving force in
the common cause.
Ministers expressed their deep concern at the lack of progress
to date in the implementation of the thirteen steps on nuclear
disarmament to which all States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons agreed at the 2000 NPT Review Conference.
Ministers stressed that each article of the NPT is binding on
the respective States parties, at all times and in all circumstances,
and that all States parties must be held fully accountable with
respect to the strict compliance of their obligations under the
Treaty, and reiterated that the implementation of undertakings
therein on nuclear disarmament remains the imperative.
Ministers recalled that a fundamental pre-requisite for promoting
nuclear non-proliferation is the continuous irreversible progress
in nuclear arms reduction. In this context, they called upon the
Russian Federation and the United States of America to make the
Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions ("the Moscow Treaty")
irreversible and verifiable and to address non-operational warheads,
thus making it a nuclear disarmament measure.
Ministers stressed that the recent international debate on weapons
of mass destruction has only highlighted that the sole guarantee
against the use of any weapon of mass destruction anywhere, including
nuclear weapons, is their total elimination and the assurance
that they will never be used or produced again.
Ministers reiterated their deep concern at emerging approaches
to the broader role of nuclear weapons as part of security strategies,
including rationalizations for the use of, and the development
of new types of nuclear weapons.
Ministers urged the international community to intensify its efforts
to achieve universal adherence to the NPT. They called on India,
Israel and Pakistan to accede to the Treaty as non-nuclear-weapon
States and to place their facilities under comprehensive IAEA
safeguards. They recalled the commitment of all NPT States parties
to promote the universality of the NPT.
Ministers expressed their deep concern with the announcement by
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea of its intention to
withdraw from the NPT and related developments. In this connection
they called upon the DPRK to reconsider and supported all efforts
for an early, peaceful resolution of the situation, leading to
the DPRK's return to full compliance with the provisions of the
The Ministers stressed that the International Atomic Energy Agency
must be able to verify and ensure that nuclear facilities of the
States Parties of the NPT are being used for peaceful purposes
only, and called upon States to cooperate fully and immediately
with the International Atomic Energy Agency in resolving issues
arising from the implementation of their respective obligations
towards the Agency.
The Ministers reaffirmed their conviction that the establishment
of internationally recognized nuclear-weapon-free zones on the
basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the
regions concerned enhances global and regional peace and security,
strengthens the nuclear non-proliferation regime and contributes
towards realizing the objective of nuclear disarmament, and in
this regard they expressed their hope that more regions would
follow this path.
The Ministers underlined the significance of the current NPT review
process to assess progress in implementation and to consider actions
needed on nuclear disarmament. They stressed the importance that
the Third Preparatory Committee of the 2005 NPT Review Conference
submits substantive recommendations regarding nuclear disarmament,
as well as on the matter of security assurances to the Review
13. The Ministers highlighted that
multilateralism must remain at the forefront of all international
security efforts and, with the purpose of contributing further
to the objective of a nuclear-weapon-free world, stressed that
their initiative will continue to be pursued with determination
and announced their intention to submit two draft resolutions
- entitled "Towards a nuclear weapon free world: a new agenda"
and "Reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons"- to
the 58th session of the General Assembly.
-- Declaration issued by the Foreign Ministers
of the New Agenda Coalition (NAC), United Nations Headquarters,
New York, 23 September 2003