Moving Beyond Missile
Santa Barbara Workshop, 19-21 March 2001
Findings and Recommendations
Moving Beyond Missile Defense, a joint project
of the International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against
Proliferation (INESAP) and the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, held
its first international workshop in Santa Barbara March 19-21,
2001. The goals of the workshop were to begin a process of examining
the technical and political problems posed by missile defense
and to explore alternatives. The workshop brought together scientists
and security experts to initiate an International Study Group
to contribute key findings to the political and public debate
on the issue. Participants in the workshop reached the following
- Ballistic missile defense (BMD) cannot provide
security. Missile defenses can be easily overcome by simple
countermeasures, including low-technology decoys. Such systems
will create instability because they will provoke other countries,
in particular Russia and China, to strengthen and build up their
- Deployment of ballistic missile defenses will
undermine long-standing arms control agreements, including the
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM)
Treaty and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (START I and
II). BMD will prevent further international efforts for non-proliferation,
arms control and disarmament.
- US efforts to deploy missile defenses are perceived
by other countries to create increased offensive and war-fighting
- Ballistic missile defenses will provoke rather
than prevent the proliferation of ballistic missiles, contributing
to regional conflicts and arms races.
- Ballistic missile defenses do not provide a
solution to the risks of the Nuclear Age, but rather multiply
the uncertainties, complexities and instabilities of nuclear
- The deployment of missile defenses and the militarization
of outer space are inextricably linked. The weaponization of
space must be prohibited.
We therefore recommend:
- The best alternative to ballistic missile defense
is the complete abolition of nuclear weapons and all weapons
of mass destruction, and the international control and disarmament
of ballistic missiles and other delivery systems. An international
missile control regime should be established with practical
steps such as improved information exchange on missiles and
missile launches, a missile test ban and missile free zones.
- The 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty, which
prohibits the US and Russia from developing and deploying a
national missile defense, must be preserved until a more comprehensive
international framework can be established.
- The weaponization of outer space should be prevented
by an international agreement.
- Cooperation among all states should be supported
and the demonization of particular countries and their peoples
should be opposed. In particular, diplomatic efforts with countries
such as Iran, Iraq, North Korea and Libya should continue.
- Security must be fundamentally redefined from
the military dimensions of national interests to the fulfillment
of human and environmental needs.
The above findings will be further examined by
the International Study Group and in a series of regional meetings
in Northeast Asia, Europe, South Asia and the Middle East.